The Saudi Minister of Agriculture Fahd Balghunaim expects meat and chicken prices to remain on elevated levels due to the rise in feedstock costs.
He encouraged Saudi consumers to switch from overpriced local sheep varieties to imported ones from Australia or Somalia and argued that quality differences between them were rather perceived than real.
Self-sufficiency in chicken production stays at 45 percent. A massive expansion program is planned. Like dairy production and unlike wheat which is being phased out until 2016, chicken production is slated for expansion.
Antibiotics are a common phenomenon in chicken production globally but seems to be frowned upon in Saudi Arabia, at least in theory. The Minister said:“I swear by Allah that our chickens are hormone and antibiotics free.”
Some time ago Abdul Rahman Al Sultan quipped in an op-ed in ‘ Al-Ru’ya al-Iqtisadiyya that listening to GCC politicians he would have the feeling he was living in “Bangladesh or Chad”. After all there was enough food and Gulf countries had the money to buy it on world markets albeit possibly at a higher price he argued.
There seem to be indeed more pressing food security issues in the Gulf than the hypothetical war or crises situations that politicians plan for when debating food security.
These problems stem from an abundance of calories, not lack thereof. The Gulf countries have one of the highest obesity and diabetes rates per capita in the world (around a third and 13 percent respectively) as Alpen Capital pointed out in a report in 2011.
Weight loss surgeries are on the rise. “Because of my weight, I could not sit in the car of my dreams. Now I feel my Lamborghini is approaching,” said one patient in the UAE after undergoing bariatric operation.
There is clearly a need to improve diets in the Gulf by awareness campaigns and taxing unhealthy fast food.
Sweetened beverages and fast food have also been blamed for calcium and Vitamin D deficiencies, beside lacking exposure to sunlight.
Vitamin D deficiency is gender specific. It reaches 70 percent among Saudi women and 40 percent among Saudi male as an article in Nature recently found out.
Beside increased exposure to sunlight it could be treated by increased consumption of dairy products and drinks instead of sweetened beverages. More fish and dairy consumption would also tackle the calcium deficiency and the increased occurrence of osteoporosis.
The food security challenge in the Gulf often has unexpected angles and solutions to it might be found on a less geo-strategic plane than is often assumed.